Using origami comes to man some special vision of the world, clean, not a closed external signs. When a person looks at any origami, then immediately notices a clear rhythmic organization, and any alien frills whatsoever frills, no unnecessary, superfluous elements do not interfere with the basic composition. They seem to express the very essence of things and objects.
People who are not familiar with the art of origami, wonder why, to depict, for example, a dog, just do not go and do not cut her silhouette paper without glue the tail and ears and did not paint it in any color suitable for a dog? Origami Master at this object: if a thing is similar to its prototype, it does not mean that it is true. It should be, doing origami, forget about the appearance of the animal that you are doing. The main thing - to see the essence of the beauty that is hidden in the original, and only hint at it. That is more than enough. But it is surprising, really, to make a crane, it is necessary to forget what he looks like? No, it is not surprising. The proof can lead the Japanese paper crane. Is it similar to this bird? Not at all! And yet it was he. Master, for the first time to do it, managed to convey a hint of origami essence of the crane. Therefore, the external similarity with crafts by pie no longer had any value. Of course, if people understand the hint. The origami is important is not what is said and what is left unsaid.
The fact that it is paper, has a deep symbolic meaning has been chosen as the material for origami. Paper is fragile, vulnerable, so fragile hack very good rests on the concept of variable universe. To perform any particular sculpture of marble or clay, the master selects a particular that is suitable for this work a piece of marble or clay. And origami can not be tied to any particular piece of paper. Invariably a square shape of the sheet, but still every time a new leaf. Traditional varieties of Japanese paper "your" strong, yet they do not last forever. So without changing the principle of folding origami is a square sheet of paper each time changes and the paper itself, and the shape of the paper figures.
Important in Origami composition - the play of light and shadow. Shadows, which is discarded object or buried in the folds of the figures, is given primary importance. It seems that the only illuminated part of the need to emphasize the greatness and feature shady spots. Equality and mutual penetration of light and dark sides of origami symbolizes not only the unity and struggle of opposites of yin and yang, but also allows you to see the world from the outside, because the shadow is subject to create a real, genuine way of things.
It is important to note, as in origami done with the paper work. Although paper allows you to use a huge number of techniques perform spatial objects from a plane (here can be attributed, and cutting, and twisting and sculpting of soaked paper), the master used the most natural, arising from the way the material that exhibits the most significant for the formation properties of the paper. Rib in bumagoplastike - constructive basis. Origami is unique in that no other form of folk art could not identify and develop the paper as a material with a unique expressiveness. This is due to the ability and admiring, contemplation of the world, which is inherent in the Japanese nation, the desire to understand how to do some things and materials exist, that it is inherent or not inherent in some things.
Thanks to the development of communication and media contemporary culture is rapidly turning into ethnic. Traditions penetrate each other, cultures are mixed with each other - all this is inherent in present time. From all that has been accumulated by mankind for thousands of years, modern man grabs what it could be interesting and meets the latest demands. This could include origami, which has a whole set of principles, just needed to modern design: modularity, hierarchy of parts into a unified whole, the conventionality of visual language, the realization of reality by means of signs, the presence of the grid as a modeling factor expression, which is achieved by minimal means, rhythmic organization, and much more.
In addition to the foregoing, it should be noted that the figure of origami - a sign, and visual symbols in the world today are of great importance. Thinking of modern man works in rapid time, he had no time to stop and think about why the information is better absorbed if it has such features as the conciseness and accuracy.
The modern world - a world sublimated information that seeks to transform into a visual image, a sign. Sign now - this is the most accessible and sought-after means of communication. Each firm seeks to acquire a unique logo, a recognizable and easily readable by people of every nation and culture. El Lissitzky wrote: "We know two types of writing: a sign for each concept - hieroglyphic writing, and sign for each sound - letter writing. Advantages of the letters before the hieroglyph is relative. Character international. This means that if kakoy-nibud Russian, German or American, remember the signs (pictures) to concepts, he can read Chinese or Egyptian (of course, myself), not knowing the language, because the language and writing are different isolated structure. This is the advantage of being lost book, typed letters. And so I think that the book form in the near future will be plastically-graphic ... The forthcoming book will be cosmopolitan; in order to understand its need minimal training. "
Origami - it is also a kind of hieroglyph sign. It is no accident east, hieroglyphic thinking could give the world a body-spatial symbolic expression of the surrounding world and reality - origami. This hieroglyphic thinking has allowed to endow all origami kakimi-to common features, it organize them using a modular rigid frame, severs all the extra details that would only interfere with quick and easy to read what the master wants to communicate, but left the necessary share of recognition, which allows the sign not to repeat the validity of a hair's breadth. Origami - a character who broke out of a boring plane of the sheet and turned it into a three-dimensional, three-dimensional symbolic form.
We can say that origami is the language with which the Japanese culture conveys itself to other countries. Origami - a communion which unites people of all ages from different countries. Organization of origami lovers spread across the globe. What niche could take origami in the western world? Origami must necessarily learn to speak a language understood by Western people and integrate into modern forms and stages of development of culture of the West. . If we turn to the work of early origamistov to the 50th of the XX century, the search for them, the diversity of their work revolved solely around a square of paper sizes, they do not ask themselves the question: "But why the square" At the moment the question is asked. Origami divided into three broad stream with a plurality of taps each. The first stream - a traditional origami made of a square without incisions. This origami is driven by the search for new pieces, which are then folded one, and sometimes several different origami. Also, this includes finding new sites, which are then used in other studies. For example, Rose Kawasaki - its twisted knot is now found in many complex models. Origami first flow reached a high technical complexity for a fast time. For their implementation often requires several hours even for experienced people in the origami technique. In this sense, the Western model of the flow of origami is much superior to the complexity of Japanese traditional crafts origami.
The second stream - the models are made of the equilateral triangle and a square halves, torn vertically or diagonally, as well as from a five-, six-, octagons. The latest innovation stream - origami foolscap A4 standard format.
To model the second stream are and origami made of halves, quarters, eighths of a square, and so on. E., That is, two, three, four squares, and so on. D. This includes models, woven endless belt, where origami virtually moves in macrame.
Modern origamisty accustomed to think alphanumeric gradually shifted from traditional Japanese origami, which is based on the transformation of the square as a character, a modern Western linear, analytical or origami.
The third stream is formed when origamist performed the first model of two parts, and then three, four and so on.. These pieces are called modules. It is necessary in this case to draw attention to the fact that the individual modules, although made of squares, lose their individuality and of themselves mean no longer than a single letter in a word. Character-picture is gradually replaced by a linear line, it has become a word composed of letters. Oriental character was replaced by the usual Western man short. Each of the large flows slowly broke up into a great many individual genres, which appeared and their masters.
Japan to Western man has always been mysterious, closed to the understanding, he can only hope that grasped the essence of the eastern approach to life, but really understanding the process of life in the European sense of the word, which is our essence, we will never allow to understand the East to end. We need to be born and to grow in that mysterious culture to the concept of it were at least minimally reliable.
Beautiful paper crafts contribute to the development of imagination, creativity, imagination, intelligence, order and neatness. Catching origami, you can develop attentiveness, resourcefulness and constructive thinking, not only in children but also in the adult generation. Be creative, and your hands will bloom a beautiful flower, soar into the heavenly expanse small Crane or go to the sea journey brave boat.
As with any other form of art of origami are several directions:
- A common origami - paper folding techniques of any complexity, with the possibility of the use of additional materials and tools such as glue, scissors, pencils, cardboard and film;
- Simple origami - folding lightweight version with a minimum number of techniques for beginners origamistov and people with reduced mobility;
- Modular origami - the creation of a whole figure of several identical parts (modules) with one module consists of a single sheet of paper, and then all the modules are connected by investing in each other;
- Kusudama - a kind of modular origami, folded in the form of a ball, the individual modules which are stitched or glued together, and the ball is attached on top of the suspension of the thread;
- Pattern - folding paper by scanning (drawing);
- Wet-folding - using water-wet paper to give greater expressiveness and smoothness of the product;
- Money Origami - instead of using paper currency notes, is a great idea for a gift.
The concept of modular origami was first mentioned in the book «Ranma Zushiki» Japanese origamista Hayata Ohoko more in 1734 It has an engraving that shows a group of classic origami models, among them - the modular cube. This cube is called "magical treasure chest" ( "tamatebako"). The Japanese author Isao Honda in the book "The World of Origami", published in 1965, shows the same pattern as that of the Hayata Ohoko only called "Cubic box." It consists of six modules - traditional figures "Mankiw." Each of the six modules forms a face of the cube.
Modular origami and up to date is one of the most common and popular techniques. It has become so popular that now thousands of jobs. In this technique does not use the classic principle of folding figures from paper when used only a single sheet of paper, and a few sheets of paper in different colors, sizes and types. Every single sheet folded into a single unit (module), and the rules of the classic origami. Once all the individual parts are made, they are going in the total figure by inserting one into the other. This creates a resilient force, whereby figure dissolves. The modular origami is no limit to the application of the number of sheets that allows you to create a very solid figures, so even the most complex of them can be done with ease. The modular origami there is different from other origami to use several sheets that can be designed just the same shape parts. When manufacturing rather complicated models have to use glue or other means by which it will be possible to connect the individual parts. Only in the simplest cases - flat products (eg, a cube Sonobe) - some parts will hold well without additional tweaks. But in general, the use of adhesive and possibly a flat product, if necessary.
Modular origami is divided into two types: Kusudama and Sonobe module.
Kusudama in Japanese means "a medicinal ball." It represents a model of the paper, often identical modules forming a compound in the form of pyramids. Usually the flowers, which are folded from a sheet of paper square shape, and the spherical structure is obtained by the combination. As a rule, the individual modules are sewn or glued in Kusudama. Initially Kusudama served for storage of medicinal fees, various herbs and spices, hence the name - kusuri - "medicine", tama - "ball". Currently, this type of origami used either for decoration or as a gift. Kusudama is one of the most important pieces of origami. Although it refers to the form of modular origami, but it is not as such. Rather, it can be called the predecessor of modular origami, as in modular origami all the details usually are nested, and in Kusudama they are sewn or joined with adhesive. Adherents classical origami, who are fighting for its cleanliness, quite skeptical Kusudama for use in her stitching and gluing of parts. But other origami masters recognize that early in its history when creating origami paper is often cut and glued. Therefore, most of the masters of origami pay tribute Kusudama as an important aspect of this art.
Sonobe module - a system of modular origami, named after its creator Mitsunobu Sonobe. Using this system, it is possible to collect almost any shape. The basis of three-dimensional figures is the same module Sonobe (and also its variants), - a parallelogram with two pockets through which all the parallelograms and assembled into the desired shape.
The pattern is convenient to use when you create a very complex models. The idea of the pattern was first used back in the 60-70's. XX century. Many masters of origami is often used to describe the patterns of their models. The most common patterns are received at the end of the last century, since it is a quick and easy way to portray the model of folding scheme than the step by step instructions; In addition, the pattern is often used in the design origamistami schema that facilitates the work. And most importantly, increase skills and training origamistov led to the fact that in recent years more and more people learn to read patterns.
Some still believe the pattern is not so illustrative as, for example, the classic step by step instructions for folding, which is a consistent image of each action when folded, but in fact it is not. The pattern is not simply carries information on folding models, but also "tells" how it was invented. Modern methods of construction are of interest because even the author of the model may not know the sequence of creation, and indeed it may not exist, as in some models of all the folds are made simultaneously, without intermediate.
Using the pattern is interesting that on the drawing often presented only general features of a future model, and its final form and shape it already gives himself a master. The patterns are no traditional signs of folds. In the figure, you can see hundreds of bar and dashed lines, pattern making for beginners is quite complex and unreadable. That is why this type of origami can not be applied to young beginners origamistam. This "aerobatics" Paper Handling, which come after the development of other techniques.